CRS Report for Congress
Supplemental Appropriations for FY2000:
Plan Colombia, Kosovo, Foreign Debt Relief,
Home Energy Assistance, and Other Initiatives
Updated July 5, 2000
Larry Nowels, Stephen Daggett, Curt Tarnoff, and Nina Serafino
Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division
Melinda Gish
Domestic Social Policy Division

Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress

Supplemental Appropriations for FY2000:
Plan Colombia, Kosovo, Debt Relief, Home Energy
Assistance, and Other Initiatives
Early in each new session of Congress, the Administration routinely submits
requests for supplemental appropriations for the current fiscal year. By late April
2000, through several submissions to Congress, President Clinton had requested $5
billion in FY2000 supplemental appropriations, including $955 million for a
counternarcotics initiative in Colombia and the Andean region, about $2 billion for
DOD peacekeeping operations in Kosovo, $600 million for diplomatic support and
economic aid related to Kosovo and the Balkans, $210 million for poor country debt
relief, $600 million for home energy assistance to low income American families
affected by high home heating oil prices and weather emergencies, and $426 million
for domestic disaster relief that mostly involves ongoing post-1999 hurricane cleanup
efforts. The Administration designated nearly all as emergency requirements for
FY2000, thereby eliminating the need to reduce existing appropriations to offset the
costs of additional spending. The White House proposed a limited number of offsets,
rescissions, transfers, and delays in funding obligations totaling about $750 million.
The FY2000 supplemental request continues a pattern of the past few years in
which the President has asked, and Congress has approved large supplementals
generally focusing on defense, foreign policy, and domestic natural disasters and farm
relief initiatives. In most cases, Congress has increased the President’s proposed
supplementals, adding funds especially for domestic programs and defense. A
continuing controversy, however, has been the extent to which new appropriations
should be offset by cuts in existing funds. Since FY1997, Congress has agreed to
declare most supplementals as emergencies, adding a small amount of offsets.
The House and Senate tool different legislative approaches during consideration
of the supplemental requests. On March 30, 2000, the House passed a $12.8 billion
FY2000 supplemental appropriation measure (H.R. 3908), about $7.5 billion higher
than the President’s $5 billion request. Senate leaders decided not to consider H.R.
3908, but to attach portions of it to regular FY2001 appropriations for Military
Construction (S. 2521), Foreign Operations (S. 2522), and Agriculture (S. 2536). As
reported in mid-May, these bills provided about $8.6 billion in supplemental funding,
well below the amount in H.R. 3908.
In June, congressional leaders agreed to merge all House and Senate-passed
FY2000 supplemental funds into the pending FY2001 Military Construction measure
(H.R. 4425) and resolve differences during conference committee negotiations on
H.R. 4425. As approved on June 30, FY2000 supplemental funding totals $11.2
billion, more than double the President’s request. The enacted bill increases the
Colombia counternarcotics initiative to $1.3 billion, fully funds peacekeeping costs in
Kosovo and low-income home energy assistance, adds about $4.6 billion for other
Defense Department requirements, and triples the amount requested for U.S. natural
disaster relief and other domestic programs. H.R. 4425, however, rejects funding for
poor country debt relief and most Balkan assistance.

Key CRS Policy Staff
Issue Name Telephone
Agriculture programsRalph Chite7-7296
Colombia counternarcoticsNina Serafino7-7667
Debt relief and HIPCLarry Nowels7-7645
Defense programsSteve Daggett7-7642
Low Income Home Energy AssistanceMelinda Gish7-4618
Kosovo peacekeeping (DOD)Steve Daggett7-7642
Kosovo reconstruction aidCurt Tarnoff7-7656

Most Recent Developments........................................1
Background .................................................... 1
Major Funding Elements of the Supplemental and Congressional Action......3
Congressional Debate Overview.................................3
House Consideration.....................................3
Senate Consideration.....................................4
Conference Committee consideration.........................6
Counternarcotics for Colombia.................................6
Congressional Action.....................................7
Kosovo Peacekeeping and Economic Aid.........................10
Defense and Peacekeeping Costs...........................10
Reconstruction and Other Economic Aid.....................11
HIPC Trust Fund Contribution.................................12
Congressional Action....................................13
Low Income Home Energy Assistance...........................14
Congressional Action....................................14
Hurricane and Other Related Disaster Relief......................15
Congressional Action....................................15
Other Defense and Foreign Policy Supplementals...................15
Congressional Action....................................15
Other Domestic Supplementals................................16
Pay Date Adjustments.......................................16
Paying for the FY2000 Supplemental................................17
Congressional Action....................................17
List of Tables
Table 1. FY2000 Supplemental Summary.............................4
Table 2. Supplemental Appropriations, FY2000.......................19
Table 3. Rescissions, Offsets, Deferrals, and Transfers..................23
Table 4. Supplemental Appropriations Summary: Emergency,
Non-Emergency, Rescission, and Offset Totals ....................24

Supplemental Appropriations for FY2000:
Plan Colombia, Kosovo, Debt Relief, Home
Energy Assistance, and Other Initiatives
Most Recent Developments
On June 30, the Senate passed and cleared for the White House H.R. 4425, the
FY2001 Military Construction Appropriation bill that includes $11.2 billion for
FY2000 supplemental spending needs. As enacted, H.R. 4425 provides $1.3 billion
for the Colombian counternarcotics initiative (about the same as requested by the
President for FY2000/FY2001 combined), $2 billion, as proposed, for DOD
peacekeeping costs in Kosovo, about $4.5 billion for other defense requirements,
$1.5 billion for Hurricane Floyd, Cerro Grande fire, and other natural disaster
relief, and $600 million for the Low Income Heating and Energy Assistance
Program. H.R. 4425, however, rejects funding for poor country debt relief and most
Balkan assistance. The legislation further includes a change in the payment dates
for Social Security and Veterans benefits that will result in $4.2 billion higher
spending in FY2000 rather than FY2001. Some Senators oppose this switch in
payment schedules, and reportedly obtained Senate leadership agreement to attempt
to rescind these provisions legislation considered in July.
Earlier, the House and Senate took different legislative paths in considering the
President’s $5.7 billion supplemental request. The House took up a single FY2000
supplemental bill – H.R. 3908 – passing a $12.8 billion measure on March 30. The
Senate, however, decided to attach supplemental money to regular FY2001
appropriation bills: S. 2521 (Military Construction, passed by the Senate on May
18); S. 2522 (Foreign Operations, passed by the Senate on June 22); and S. 2536
(Agriculture, reported by the Committee on May 10). Combined, the three Senate
measures recommended $8.6 billion in FY2000 supplemental spending. Ultimately,
congressional leaders decided to use H.R. 4425 – the House-passed Military
Construction Appropriation – as the vehicle for all supplemental issues.
Early in each new session of Congress, the Administration routinely submits
requests for supplemental appropriations for the current fiscal year. Such proposals
may include items rejected or deferred during congressional consideration of regular
appropriations requests the previous session, new requirements arising since
enactment of appropriations for the current fiscal year, or more routine matters that
are anticipated and generally non-controversial. The President may also ask that
Congress rescind, or cancel, funds previously appropriated. Often these rescissions

are proposed to offset some of the costs of the new supplemental proposals. Part or
all of a supplemental request may be deemed as an “emergency,” thereby avoiding the
requirement under budget laws to find equivalent savings to offset the added costs of
new initiatives. The President may submit the supplementals and rescissions in
multiple packages over the course of several months.
During the final months of the first session of the 106th Congress, congressional
leaders and Administration officials had informally discussed additional funding
requirements for two major foreign policy and defense issues: a major
counternarcotics initiative to assist Colombia in fighting its growing drug production
problem and Kosovo peacekeeping operations and economic aid. Although neither
became part of end-of-the-session budget negotiations that culminated in passage of
the Consolidated Appropriations Act, FY2000 (P.L. 106-113) in mid-November, it
was widely anticipated that additional funding proposals for these two activities would
form the core elements of an FY2000 supplemental appropriation. In February,
March, and April 2000, President Clinton sent Congress several supplemental
proposals totaling $5.7 billion. In addition to the large requests for Colombia ($955
million) and Kosovo ($2.6 billion), the White House also seeks $210 million for a
U.S. contribution to the Heavily Indebted Poor Country Initiative (HIPC), $620
million to help Americans cope with the impact of rapidly increasing home heating oil
prices, roughly $426 million for domestic disaster relief programs, mostly related to
post-1999 hurricane cleanup efforts, and (after House debate) $200 million for flood
relief in Mozambique and southern Africa.
The FY2000 supplemental request continues a pattern of the past few years in
which the President has asked, and Congress has approved large supplementals
generally focusing on defense, foreign policy, and domestic natural disasters and farm
relief initiatives. Last year, Congress enacted a $15.2 billion supplemental (P.L. 106-
31; H.R. 1141) providing funds for Kosovo military and humanitarian aid operations
and military readiness ($12 billion), farm assistance ($609 million), and Central
American aid for victims of Hurricane Mitch ($1 billion). In 1998 Congress passed
two supplemental measures. The first, a $5.4 billion package enacted in early May
(P.L. 105-174; H.R. 3579), included funding largely for defense operations in Bosnia
and Iraq and various domestic natural disasters. The second, debated in the final days
of the 105th Congress and incorporated into the Omnibus Consolidated and
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act (P.L. 105-277; H.R. 4328), totaled
$20.8 billion in new spending for, among other things, farmers affected by low
commodity prices ($5.8 billion), U.S. embassy security overseas in the wake of
terrorist attacks in Kenya and Tanzania ($2.4 billion), American forces in Bosnia and
other defense readiness requirements ($6.6 billion), and Y2K computer conversion
efforts ($3.4 billion). One of the most controversial issues during each of these
debates was over the question of how to pay for the additional spending: to declare
most of the items as “emergency” requirements or offset new funds with cuts in
existing appropriations, frequently targeting domestic programs.
Normally, when seeking supplemental funds for the current fiscal year, the
Administration recommends prompt congressional action — within a few months —
to meet what are either unanticipated requirements or needs that cannot wait until the
regular appropriations cycle. Congress generally begins action on early-year
supplemental requests in March, and completes debate by May. It is not unusual for

Congress to expand significantly the President’s supplemental proposal, as occurred
for each of the three supplementals cited above, adding funds for a host of additional
programs that were not anticipated at the outset of the debate.
Major Funding Elements of the Supplemental and
Congressional Action
The President’s supplemental request included five major spending initiatives for
counternarcotics programs in Colombia, peacekeeping and reconstruction aid for
Kosovo and the surrounding region, debt relief for poor developing countries, home
energy assistance for low income families affected by rising home fuel oil costs and
weather emergencies, and cleanup and repair operations remaining from hurricanes
that struck the United States in 1999. House and Senate bills added a sixth major
element concerning additional Defense Department needs for FY2000.1 Table 1
summarizes the components of the supplemental while Tables 2 and 3 found at the
end of this report provide more detailed information of new spending and offsets.
Congressional Debate Overview
House Consideration. During its March 9 markup, the House Appropriations
Committee agreed to a $9.1 billion FY2000 supplemental appropriation measure
(H.R. 3908), adding about $3.8 billion to the President’s then-$5.5 billion request.
The House panel increased funding for the counternarcotics initiative in Colombia and
the Andean region, added $2.4 billion for DOD petroleum cost increases and health
programs, and raised the President’s request for domestic natural disaster relief by
about $1.1 billion. The Committee supported the full $2 billion for DOD
peacekeeping operations in Kosovo but pared back by over $350 million economic
aid to Kosovo and the Balkans. H.R. 3908, as reported, recommended the requested
$600 million for low-income home energy assistance but rejected $210 million for
poor country debt relief.
During two days of debate, the House approved an amendment by
Representative Lewis adding $4 billion for various Defense Department activities,
focusing on “quality of life” and readiness-related programs such as recruiting,
advertising and retention; health care programs; and weapons maintenance. The
House further adopted an amendment by Representative Weldon that provides $100
million for local community fire company assistance. The House also approved a
proposal by Representative Toomey to appropriate from the on-budget surplus $4
billion to reduce the public debt. The House rejected (108-315), however, a
Representative Sanford amendment that would have cut $1.6 billion from the bill by
deleting all non-emergency appropriations and removing each emergency designation
for other accounts. This would have had the affect of triggering a sequestration by
whatever amount the bill exceeded the budget caps or requiring the insertion of

1 Three weeks after House debate on H.R. 3908, the White House submitted another
supplemental request: $200 million for relief of flood victims in Mozambique and southern

offsets to avoid a sequestration. The Sanford amendment exempted defense and
disaster relief funds from a sequester, if one occurred.
In many respects, the Administration supported the House-passed measure,
especially funding included for military operations in Kosovo, counternarcotics
activities in Colombia, victims of Hurricane Floyd, and energy aid for Americans
affected by rising oil costs. The White House, however, was also concerned about
areas that are not funded in H.R. 3908: embassy security for U.S. diplomatic
personnel in Kosovo; U.N. peacekeeping operations in East Timor and Kosovo; and
debt relief for poor developing nations. Officials further expressed alarm that the
growing price tag of the supplemental would generate opposition and delay final
enactment, something they said would begin to erode U.S. military readiness if the
Kosovo money was not approved. In particular, the Administration opposed the
Lewis amendment adding $4 billion for defense “quality-of-life” activities that officials
contended were not needed until next year.2
Table 1. FY2000 Supplemental Summary
($s – millions)
Request House Senate Conf.
Counternarcotics for Colombia*955.01,418.51,167.91,319.1
Kosovo Peacekeeping/Aid2,633.92,272.11,825.42,075.4
Debt relief for poor countries210.
Home Energy Assistance620.0619.0600.0600.0
Domestic Disaster Relief426.41,428.31,152.71,467.5
Critical Infrastructure Protection9.
Other Defense & Foreign Policy314.06,548.62,243.74,638.1
Other Domestic531.4903.52,274.01,552.8
TOTAL, Supplementals5,699.713,190.09,264.711,652.9
Offsets/Rescissions (706.5) (440.6) (663.6) (422.8)
Note: Totals exclude amounts in title V of Division B of H.R. 4425. Title V repeals several
provisions enacted in 1999 that shifted the final FY2000 pay date for military and civilian employees
so that the cost would occur in FY2001. Title V further adds two new provisions concerning the
payment dates of Social Security and Veterans benefits The net effect of these actions is the addition
of $3.946 billion in new budget authority in FY2000 that is not reflected in the totals in this or other
tables included in this report.
Senate Consideration. Partially because of the rising levels of funds added to
H.R. 3908, the Senate did not schedule consideration of the supplemental bill. Senate
leaders decided instead to include elements of the FY2000 supplemental request
during debate on three of the first regular FY2001 appropriation bills considered by

2 See Statement by the President, March 30, 2000; and Statement of Administration Policy
on H.R. 3908, March 29, 2000; each is available at the White House web site:

the Senate: Military Construction, which included DOD supplementals; Foreign
Operations, where Plan Colombia, Kosovo aid, debt relief, and Mozambique
assistance was considered; and Agriculture, which included domestic disaster relief3
and other supplementals.
During the week of May 8, the Senate Appropriations Committee reported three
FY2001 bills – Military Construction (S. 2521), Foreign Operations (S. 2522), and
Agriculture (S. 2536) containing FY2000 supplement spending. Following
amendments adopted during Senate debate and passage of Military Construction on
May 18, the combined amount recommended by the Senate bills for FY2000 totaled
about $8.6 billion. The level was about $3.55 billion more than the President’s
request but $3.8 billion less than the consolidated $12.8 billion House bill. Senate
measures (S. 2521 and S. 2522) recommended about $1.2 billion for Plan Colombia,
a level somewhat less than the House and the Administration’s combined request for
FY2000/FY2001 of $1.36 billion.4
S. 2521 cut funding to $1.825 billion for DOD operations in Kosovo, raising
objections from Administration officials who said it would result in transfers from
regular Army programs to Kosovo costs and reduce Army readiness. S. 2522
deferred all additional reconstruction aid to the region until FY2001. The most
controversial issue concerning Kosovo peacekeeping was a Senate Appropriations
Committee amendment that cut off spending for U.S. forces in Kosovo after July 1,
2001, unless an extension was authorized by Congress. The White House threatened
to veto S. 2521 because of the Committee amendment. During floor debate of S.
2521 on May 18, however, the Senate adopted a Levin amendment (53-47) deleting
the funding cut off provision from the bill.5
For other Defense Department spending items, S. 2521 added about $2.2 billion,
mainly for health programs and oil price increases, but did not include the roughly $4
billion additional funds included in H.R. 3908 for DOD “Quality of Life” activities.
In S. 2536 and S. 2521, the Senate increased the President’s request for domestic
natural disaster relief by about $700 million and recommended the requested $600
million for low-income home energy assistance. Like the House, however, S. 2522

3 Although Senate leaders hoped this would speed up final enactment of supplemental
spending, differences in House and Senate schedules for taking up the 13 appropriation bills
complicated swift consideration of the Foreign Operations measure. The Senate committee
reported its Foreign Operations bill (S. 2522) on May 9, but the House Appropriations panel
did not consider its bill until June 27. Because of disputes unrelated to the appropriations
issue, Minority Leader Daschle objected to the Senate proceeding with consideration of
Foreign Operations, citing Senate regular order that calls for debate on appropriation bills
only after House passage. Consequently, the Senate could not pass and schedule conference
meetings on the three FY2001 funding bills that included supplemental appropriations.
4 S. 2521 further provides $809 million for Coast Guard drug interdiction and other
requirements under the counternarcotics and Plan Colombia title. The Coast Guard funds,
however, are not directly part of Plan Colombia.
5 The House has adopted a related amendment to the Defense Department authorization bill
H.R. 4205 requiring the President to certify by April 1, 2001, that European allies had met
their specified pledges of assistance for Kosovo. If not, the President would prepare a plan
for the withdrawal of American forces.

rejected most assistance for Kosovo and other regional countries as well as the $210
million for poor country debt relief.
Conference Committee consideration. Following lengthy discussions between
House and Senate leaders on how to proceed with conference meetings on the various
supplemental bills, conferees considered all supplemental items as part of the FY2001
Military Construction bill (H.R. 4425/S. 2521). On June 28, House and Senate
conferees reached agreement on an $11.2 billion FY2000 supplemental spending
package. Conferees included $1.3 billion for the Colombian counternarcotics
initiative (about the same as requested by the President for FY2000/FY2001
combined), $2 billion, as proposed, for DOD peacekeeping costs in Kosovo, about
$4.5 billion for other defense requirements, $1.5 billion for Hurricane Floyd ($421
million), Cerro Grande fire ($661 million) and other natural disaster relief, and $600
million for the Low Income Heating and Energy Assistance Program. The House
passed H.R. 4425 on June 29 (306-110), followed by the Senate on June 30.
Counternarcotics for Colombia
In considering a dramatic increase in U.S. funding to Colombia, U.S.
policymakers must grapple with the potential consequences of greater U.S.
involvement there. Colombian President Andres Pastrana is struggling to combat a
more than 30-year conflict with leftist guerrillas, deal with human rights violations in
the Colombian army, control the corrupting influence of drug trafficking, and recover
from an economic decline. Members of Congress are facing the issue of whether and
under what circumstances U.S. assistance can ameliorate the country’s problems.6
In this context, the President’s request for $955 million in FY2000 emergency
supplemental assistance for counternarcotics and related initiatives in Colombia and
other Andean countries has proved highly controversial. Much of the controversy has
revolved around the conditions that should be attached to Colombian aid, some $500
million of which would be spent on (1) helicopters intended to transport Colombian
army counternarcotics battalions to conduct counternarcotics (CN) operations in
Southern Colombia, where coca cultivation is expanding rapidly; (2) training and
equipping two new CN battalions, which would join the CN battalion trained by the
United States in 1999 in conducting such operations, and (3) logistics and intelligence
support for Colombia.
Because of reports documenting ties between Colombian army units and illegally
armed rightist “paramilitary” groups, which U.S. officials state engage in drug
trafficking and killing those that they suspect of collaborating with leftist guerrillas,
some Members argue that the assistance should be conditioned on the prosecution
and trial of members of the military who assist paramilitary groups, preferably by
civilian courts. Some argue that the Army should not receive any U.S. assistance,
either on the grounds that U.S. aid should continue to target special counternarcotics
police forces (which would receive some $68 million in support from the

6 For more detailed discussion of the supplemental package and the situation in Colombia, see
CRS Report RS20451, Colombia: Fact Sheet on U.S. Assistance and Legislation; and CRS
Report RL30541, Colombia: U.S. Assistance and Current Legislation.

supplemental), or that assistance to the army will inevitably draw the United States
into Colombia’s decades-long counterinsurgency effort against two leftist guerrilla
groups. Others wonder whether the United States should be providing any assistance
at all, fearing that the United States will inadvertently be drawn into a Vietnam-like
quagmire; still others favor still greater assistance designed to combat guerrillas.
Other issues are whether the proposal’s $74 million in FY2000 support for
alternative employment and economic development programs outlined for Colombia
is sufficient, and whether the proposal includes enough funding for other Andean
nations. Under the proposal, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela would
receive about $76 million in funding for their own counternarcotics and alternative
development programs. Some $38 million would be allotted for the improvement of
a “Forward Operating Location” (FOL) in Manta, Ecuador, from which U.S. planes
fly counternarcotics surveillance missions over the Andean region.
Congressional Action. The House Appropriations Committee recommended
$1.4 billion for Plan Colombia, combining the Administration’s separate $1.27 billion
FY2000/FY2001 requests into the supplemental. H.R. 3908 strengthened regional
elements of Plan Colombia by increasing economic assistance to Peru, Bolivia, and
Ecuador by $61 million above the Administration’s FY2000/FY2001 proposal. The
Committee’s bill further shifted $26 million for the purchase of two Blackhawk
helicopters from funding for Colombian Army Counternarcotics Battalions to the
Colombian National Police.
During House floor debate, lawmakers rejected several amendments to cut Plan
Colombia funding. A Representative Obey amendment would have cut $552 million
from the counternarcotics section, a sum representing the entire budget for the Push
into Southern Colombia initiative. The Obey amendment also would have provided
for a subsequent vote in July under expedited procedures to restore these funds (186-
239). A Representative Pelosi amendment would have deleted $51 million from
Department of Defense funding, the cost of the DOD element of the Push into
Southern Colombia initiative. A proposal by Representative Ramstad would have
deleted the entire $1.4 billion Plan Colombia funding, plus the $300 million for DEA
domestic drug-related activities (158-262); and a Representative Paul amendment
would have cut counternarcotics and other Kosovo and East Timor funding (45-367).
The House, however, adopted two amendments pertaining to Colombia. One,
offered by Representatives Gilman, Goss, Delahunt, and Farr (approved 380-39),
attaches four conditions to Plan Colombia funding. For military aid to be distributed,
the President must certify that Colombia (1) has implemented a strategy to eliminate
coca and opium production by 2005; (2) allowed the head of its military to dismiss
personnel found violating human rights; (3) assured cooperation between the military
and civilian authorities in the investigation and prosecution of human rights violators;
and (4) developed a Judge Advocate General Corps for the Colombian military. The
amendment also earmarks funding for monitoring the armed forces, guerrillas, and
paramilitary groups and provides that any supporters of the latter two should be
denied visas to the United States. The President can waive the four conditions if
“required by extraordinary circumstances;” he can waive the visa prohibition if it is
“in the national interest.” In addition, the House approved by voice vote an
amendment offered by Representative Sawyer earmarking $50 million for assistance

to displaced persons. The House Appropriations Committee version of the bill had
allocated $24.5 million to assist currently displaced persons.
A Representative Taylor amendment to limit the number of U.S. troops in
Colombia to 300 at any one time, except those present on an emergency rescue
mission or stationed as an attache or part of the Marine guard at the U.S. Embassy,
was ruled out of order.
In the Senate, Plan Colombia supplemental funding was split between FY2001
Military Construction (S. 2521) and Foreign Operations (S. 2522) appropriation
measures. Together, the two bills provided $1.17 billion, about $190 million less than
the Administration’s combined two-year request of $1.36 billion. The Senate
legislation reflected continuing congressional concern over the prospect of
incremental American entanglement in Colombian counter-insurgency activities, shifts
funding priorities in several key ways and restricts the involvement of U.S. personnel
in the region:
!S. 2522 provided $118 million for 60 Huey II helicopters in lieu of
the Administration’s proposed $388 million for 30 Blackhawk
!S. 2522 provided $138 million for human rights, governance, and
judicial programs, about three times the level requested by the
President. The Senate measure placed special emphasis on the
creation of Colombian National Police/Fiscalia Human Rights Units
($10 million), witness and judicial security ($10 million), and
oversight capacity by the U.N. Human Rights Office ($1 million) and
U.S. government monitors ($1.5 million).
!S. 2522 increased from $76 million to $205 million funds for
interdiction and alternative development in Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru,
and other regional nations.
!S. 2522 imposed a cap of 250 U.S. military personnel and 100
civilian contractors that can be in Colombia in support of the
counternarcotics initiative.
!S. 2521 added $809 million (not requested and not part of the Plan
Colombia total) for Coast Guard activities, out of concern that the
shortage of personnel, spare parts, and aging equipment has severely
eroded Coast Guard drug interdiction and other operational
The Administration, in particular, opposed the helicopter provision and the cap placed
on U.S. personnel working in Colombia. Believing that Committee steps to
strengthen oversight of Plan Colombia, slow U.S. involvement with the military,
broaden regional assistance, and limit the presence of American advisors were not
enough, Senator Gorton proposed an amendment during Committee mark up on May

9 to reduce funding in S. 2522 from $934 million to $100 million. Although the

amendment failed 11-15, supporters said they might offer similar proposals during
Senate floor debate.
In June 21 floor action on S. 2522, the Senate either tabled or rejected three
amendments to reduce or condition funding for Colombia. These were:
!a Senator Wellstone amendment to cut the $225 million provided for
the Push into Southern Colombia program and use the funds instead
for domestic substance abuse and mental health services, tabled 89-


!a Senator Gorton amendment to reduce total Plan Colombia funding
to $200 million, which could be spent in Colombia and other
Caribbean, Central and South American countries at the discretion of
the Secretary of State, rejected 19-79;
!a Senator Dodd amendment to provide not less than $110 million for
procurement and support of helicopters, but to permit the
Department of Defense to decide in consultation with the Colombian
military which model or models should be purchased, rejected 47-51.
By voice vote, the Senate approved a variety of amendments on Colombia.
These included a Senator Shelby amendment to exempt certain intelligence and
intelligence-related activities from the limitation on the assignment of U.S. personnel
in Colombia; a Senator Inhofe Sense of the Senate condemnation of the presumed
FARC kidnaping of three Americans; Senators Sessions and Leahy amendments
providing for and clarifying reporting and certification requirements; and a Senator
Harkin clarification of an earmark for child soldiers. On June 22, the chair tabled a
Senator Boxer amendment to prohibit the use of funds from the act and from
Department of Defense funds for four purposes related to U.S. support for and
participation in counterinsurgency, law enforcement, and counternarcotics operations
in Colombia.
Senate-House conferees on H.R. 4425 agreed to $1.32 billion for Plan
Colombia, roughly the same amount, but with a different mix of program priorities,
than the President’s request. Major elements of the agreement include:
!$315 million for helicopters, including 18 Blackhawks and 42 Huey
II aircraft.
!$116 million for support of the Colombian National Police.
!$122 million for human rights and justice programs.
!$185 million for counternarcotics battalion training and intelligence.
!$117 million to establish three Forward Operation Locations.
The conference agreement further caps the number of U.S. military personnel
permitted to be in Colombia supporting the counternarcotics initiative at 500 and the
number of U.S. civilian contractors at 300. The President may waive these limitations
for a 90-day period if he determines that U.S. forces are or are about to be involved
in hostilities in Colombia. Conferees also incorporated various certification and
reporting requirements largely focused on human rights observance of the Colombian

military and government strategies to eliminate coca and opium poppy cultivation by


Kosovo Peacekeeping and Economic Aid
Supplemental funding for Kosovo was divided into two components: one
supporting the U.S. military contribution to the peacekeeping operation (KFOR), and
the other providing mostly reconstruction assistance for Kosovo and economic
stabilization programs throughout the Balkans region.
Defense and Peacekeeping Costs. Of the $2.29 billion Defense Department
(DOD) supplemental, just over $2 billion would cover costs of U.S. contributions to
the peacekeeping operation in Kosovo (KFOR). This amount is intended to support
6,200 U.S. personnel in Kosovo and about 1,000 more supporting the operation in
surrounding countries, and enforcing international sanctions against the government
of Yugoslavia. Actual KFOR costs were somewhat uncertain – because of recent
tensions in Kosovo, NATO was considering whether to increase troop levels.
Congressional Action. The House-passed measure fully supported the $2.025
billion request for U.S. military operations as part of KFOR. During debate, the
House rejected an amendment by Representative Kasich (200-219) that would have
withheld half of the KFOR funds until the President certified that EU and NATO
member states had obligated or contracted a significant amount of the financial and
personnel assistance they had pledged for Kosovo.
The Senate Appropriations Committee in S. 2521 trimmed Defense funding for
KFOR to $1.825 billion, raising objections from Administration officials who say it
would result in transfers from regular Army programs to Kosovo costs and reduce
Army readiness. But most debate centered on congressional oversight of U.S. forces
in Kosovo. The panel approved an amendment by Senator Byrd (23-3) that would
terminate funding for the deployment of U.S. troops after July 1, 2001, unless
Congress authorizes an extension. The Byrd amendment further required the
President to develop a plan under which European militaries would assume the lead
role for ground forces in Kosovo and withholds 25% of supplemental money until the
Administration certifies that European nations are fulfilling their funding
commitments. The Administration strongly opposed the Byrd/Warner amendment,
threatening a presidential veto because the provision would “damage U.S. credibility
overseas, undermine our position as the leader of NATO, and inflame the situation in
Kosovo.”7 During floor debate of S. 2521 on May 18, the Senate adopted a Levin
amendment (53-47) deleting the Byrd/Warner provision from the bill.8
House-Senate conferees on H.R. 4425 approved $2.025 billion, as requested,
for U.S. military operations as part of KFOR.

7 White House, Statement of Administration Policy, S. 2521, May 16, 2000.
8 The House has adopted a related amendment to the Defense Department authorization bill
H.R. 4205 requiring the President to certify by April 1, 2001, that European allies had met
their specified pledges of assistance for Kosovo. If not, the President would prepare a plan
for the withdrawal of American forces.

Reconstruction and Other Economic Aid. The war in Kosovo since 1998 and
the NATO air campaign in 1999 caused immense physical destruction — of housing
and electric, water, sewage, transport and other infrastructure — and eliminated
social, public safety, and other government services. In mid-1999, a U.N. mission
assumed administration of the province while NATO began to deploy a peacekeeping
force there.9 The Administration’s supplemental request sought to expand on-going
programs to assist Kosovo’s economic and political development, help fund
continuing peacekeeping efforts and the U.N. civilian administration, and help secure
the U.S. diplomatic presence in the province. The supplemental also responded to
needs of countries in the Balkan region that were forced to provide for refugees and
whose trade routes and markets were disrupted as a result of the war.
The Administration’s remaining $624.5 million Kosovo-related proposal
supported a number of accounts, normally funded under both the Foreign Operations
and the Commerce, Justice, State appropriations. Key features included:
!$195 million under the SEED (Support for East European
Democracy) account, for economic and political reform programs
in Kosovo, Montenegro, and Croatia. Kosovo would receive $92.8
million to help expand the U.N. civilian police force, establish a local
police service, and support Kosovo administrative and policy
!$31 million in Foreign Military Financing and $2.9 million in military
training (IMET) to help regional countries implement defense
reforms, professionalize their militaries, and improve security
!$239 million for construction of secure diplomatic facilities in
Kosovo, Albania, and Bosnia.
!$91 million in U.S. assessed contributions for international
peacekeeping activities. (An additional $16 million would support
peacekeeping in East Timor.)
!$27.6 million for diplomatic and consular programs, and Fulbright
exchanges in Kosovo, Albania, Macedonia, and Montenegro.
Congressional Action. Unlike DOD-related costs associated with Kosovo, the
House-passed bill rejected much of the $624.5 million request for economic and
diplomatic programs. H.R. 3908 provided only $246.7 million for these activities,
40% of the request. The bill deleted all funds for assessed international peacekeeping
contributions, regional diplomatic and consular programs, and Fulbright and other
exchanges. Of the $239 million requested for secure embassy facilities, H.R. 3908
provided $104 million for a new facility and Marine guard quarters in Sarajevo. In
reporting the bill, the House Appropriations Committee noted that unallocated funds
from this account remain from FY1999 and FY2000 appropriations that could be
reprogrammed for other needs. The House bill fully met the Administration’s request
for FMF and IMET assistance for the Balkan region and provided $13 million of the
$22 million requested for additional USAID operating costs.

9 For detailed discussion of Kosovo reconstruction aid, see CRS Report RL30453, Kosovo:
Reconstruction and Development Assistance. For information on political developments in
Kosovo, see CRS Issue Brief IB98041, Kosovo and U.S. Policy.

Of the Administration’s $195 million SEED account request, H.R. 3908
provided $95.8 million, $12.4 million of which is for Kosovo and limited to support
of American officers in the international police force. In rejecting most of the $92.8
million requested for direct use for Kosovo reconstruction, the House Appropriations
Committee pointed to a provision in the FY2000 Foreign Operations Appropriations
that places a 15% limit on the proportion of total donor pledges for Kosovo that the
United States may provide. This limitation, which applies only to the FY2000 funds
provided in that Act, reflects the view of many who believe that because the United
States bore the heaviest burden in pursuing the Kosovo war, European allies should
lead the reconstruction effort. To date, the United States has pledged $150 million
of FY2000 SEED funds, accounting for 15% of the total pledged by donors at the
November 1999 donor conference. Increased donor pledges since November,
however, would allow the Administration to provide an additional $31 million and
stay within the 15% range. The Committee, however, suggested that it was reluctant
to provide additional funds for Kosovo because of Europe’s failure to meet
commitments in a timely fashion, including funds pledged for the U.N. administration
of the province and the international police force. During House floor debate,
Representative Kasich offered an amendment that would have withheld 50% of funds
for U.S. military operations in Kosovo until the President certified that EU and NATO
member countries followed through on financial commitments. The Kasich
amendment failed, however, 200-219.
S. 2522 provided no supplemental appropriations for Kosovo assistance or other
Balkan economic, military, or diplomatic funding. The Senate bill, however,
increased FY2001 spending above the President’s request so that Montenegro would
receive $89 million, the same as proposed for FY2000/FY2001. Croatia would
receive $60 million, slightly below the $65.7 million sought over two years. But the
Administration’s request for Kosovo – $92.8 million in FY2000 supplemental and
$175 million for FY2001 – would likely fall short under S. 2522 because of the
continuation of a congressional limitation that U.S. funds for Kosovo reconstruction
cannot exceed 15% of total contributions from all donors.
As enacted, H.R. 4425 includes $50 million in economic assistance only for
Croatia, Montenegro, and up to $12.4 million for Kosovo. The Kosovo funds can
only be used for police activities.
HIPC Trust Fund Contribution
Last year, in response to an international campaign led by non-governmental
development and religious organizations, the United States, Great Britain, and other
major foreign aid donors agreed to expand significantly the Heavily Indebted Poor
Country Debt (HIPC) Initiative. HIPC, which was first implemented in 1996, is an
effort to lower the debt burden of the world’s most severely indebted countries –
many of which are in Africa – to sustainable levels and stimulate economic policy
reforms and poverty reduction efforts in debtor nations. Previously, HIPC had been
criticized for providing too little debt relief over a lengthy qualification period for a
limited set of countries. HIPC expansion, first endorsed by the G-7 in June 1999 and
later approved by the World Bank and the IMF in September, also resulted in

substantial cost increases for creditor nations and international financial institutions
(IFIs) to which the debt is owed.10
The HIPC Initiative has two major components: cancellation of bilateral debt
owed to the United States and other creditor governments, and reduction of debt
owed to the World Bank, the IMF, and other regional IFIs. Creditor governments
cover their own expenses individually for the forgiveness of bilateral debt at the Paris
Club, an informal arena for negotiating debt reschedulings and reduction of publically
held loans. To finance the cancellation of multilateral debts, the World Bank and IMF
created the HIPC Trust Fund into which IFIs and aid donor governments would
deposit contributions. The Bank and the Fund will cover their own costs, but other
IFIs – especially the African Development Bank – do not have enough resources to
cover the losses of cancelled loan repayments. Donor governments have agreed to
to make up the gap for those IFIs with insufficient funds.
Following agreements to expand HIPC, President Clinton amended in September
1999 his pending FY2000 foreign aid request, increasing debt relief from $120 million
to nearly $1 billion over four years. Congress agreed to $123 million for bilateral debt
cancellation at the Paris Club in 2000 but rejected the $600 million proposed for
HIPC Trust Fund contributions, FY2000-FY2003. The Administration is now asking
Congress in the FY2000 supplemental to approve $210 million for the Trust Fund.
Officials say that the absence of a U.S. contribution has convinced other creditor
governments to hold back their own pledges until the U.S. acts. They argue that
while most of the existing pledges are earmarked for African nations that will be
among the earliest qualifiers, resources for Latin American debt relief – for Bolivia,
Nicaragua, and Honduras – are not available. Without a U.S. contribution, they
contend, debt workouts for these countries will be delayed. Critics of multilateral
debt relief, including some in Congress, believe that before the U.S. contributes to the
Trust Fund, IFIs should agree to suspend for a period of time new lending to HIPC
countries once they receive debt relief so that they do not return to a severely
indebted state.
Congressional Action. The House and Senate bills rejected all supplemental
funding for the HIPC Trust Fund. Although S. 2522 provided $75 million for debt
relief in FY2001 – money that could be used as an HIPC Trust Fund contribution –
the amount falls significantly below the President’s $472 million combined
FY2000/FY2001 debt reduction proposals.
In June 22 floor action on a modified Chafee amendment to S. 2522, the Senate
endorsed by voice vote a fully-funded HIPC concept, but provided no additional
funding. Instead, in a Sense of the Senate statement, it instructed the “relevant
committees” to report legislation authorizing “comprehensive debt relief” under the
enhanced HIPC initiative, and setting forth specified conditions under which such
assistance would be provided. Among the conditions, it stated that the authorizations
“should ensure that no country should receive the benefits of debt relief if that country
does not cooperate with the United States on terrorism or narcotics enforcement, is

10 For a full discussion of the HIPC initiative, see CRS Report RL30214, Debt Reduction:
Initiatives for the Most Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. See also, CRS Report RL30449,
Debt and Development in Poor Countries: Rethinking Policy Responses.

a gross violator of the human rights of its citizens, or is engaged in military or civil
conflict that undermines poverty alleviation effort [sic] or spends excessively on its
The conference committee on H.R. 4425 denied all funding for HIPC. The
Sense of the Senate provision concerning HIPC was not included in the final bill.
Low Income Home Energy Assistance
Following a decision last year by the world’s leading oil producers to decrease
output, prices for gasoline and home heating oil have soared in the United States. To
limit the impact, especially on low and moderate income families, the President has
requested $620 million in additional funds for the Low Income Home Energy11
Assistance Program (LIHEAP), the Dept. Energy’s (DOE) Weatherization
Assistance Program, and the Small Business Administration (SBA) to help provide
SBA loans to those affected by high home heating oil and diesel fuel prices. Included
in the supplemental request was:
!$600 million to replenish the LIHEAP contingency fund, an account
depleted by recent disbursements of $295 million. Congress
appropriated $300 million in FY2000 emergency funds; due to cold
weather and increased fuel costs, all of these funds have been
released. The $600 million supplemental request would be available
for emergency heating or cooling assistance during the remainder of
!$19 million in additional resources for DOE Weatherization
Assistance Programs. These funds would meet the President’s
original request for weatherization and help increase the energy
efficiency of homes, thereby reducing homeowners’ energy burden
and cost.
!$1 million for an SBA program to support $86 million in loans for
small businesses affected by rising oil prices. This would allow home
heating oil dealers, for example, to extend flexible payment terms to
their customers.
Congressional Action. House and Senate (S. 2536) bills fully supported the
$600 million for LIHEAP. H.R. 3908 further provided$19 million for DOE
Weatherization Assistance Programs (the latter as an advance appropriation for
FY2001). Both bills deleted the $1 million for SBA loans. The conference agreement
on H.R. 4425 includes the $600 million for LIHEAP.

11 For more information about LIHEAP, see CRS Report 94-211, The Low Income Home
Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP).

Hurricane and Other Related Disaster Relief
The supplemental request included over $300 million in direct assistance to
individuals and facilities damaged as a result of Hurricanes Dennis, Floyd, and Irene
that struck the United States in 1999. Programs targeted a broad range of relief
activities including those for farmers, fishermen, displaced families, small businesses,
defense department facilities, and national parks. In addition, the President requested
$100 million in contingency funds for the Interior Department to respond to wildland
firefighting needs. Major fires in the western States during the summer of 1999
consumed more resources than were expected to be needed during an average
firefighting season and depleted the Interior Department’s emergency funds.
Congressional Action. The House-passed bill added about $1 billion to the
President’s request for hurricane-related and other natural disaster relief. The largest
add-ons included those for DOD facilities damaged by last year’s hurricanes, a $600
million appropriation for the Federal Highway Administration’s emergency relief
program, $150 million for the Agriculture Department’s Wildland Fire Management
Program, and about $140 million more for a range of USDA farm relief programs.
The Senate, in S. 2521 and S. 2536, also increased the President’s disaster relief
funding recommendations, approving $1.15 billion, or about $700 million higher than
the request. Like H.R. 3908, S. 2521 significantly increased funds for military
facilities damaged in the 1999 storms. S. 2536 further added money for several new
farm-related emergencies, including $130 million for USDA’s Rural Community
Advancement program, $58 million for various crop disease and insect assistance, and
$450 million in livestock aid.
Conferees meeting on H.R. 4425 approved a total of $1.47 billion in domestic
disaster relief funding, including:
!$421 million for hurricane-affected areas;
!$661 million for damages and claims resulting from the Cerro Grande
fire in New Mexico;
!$200 million for wildland fire management; and
!$148 million in disaster aid for damage at U.S. military bases.
A number of agriculture relief provisions added by the House and Senate were
dropped in conference, including livestock assistance crop disease and insect aid, and
USDA’s rural community advancement program.
Other Defense and Foreign Policy Supplementals
The President proposed $314 million for several additional defense and foreign
policy requirements, including: a new Air Force aircraft for an interagency counter-
terrorism task force called the Foreign Emergency Support Team ($73 million), DOD
peacekeeping operations in East Timor ($25 million), U.S. contributions to a U.N.
peacekeeping mission in East Timor ($16 million); and disaster relief for victims of
heavy flooding in Mozambique and southern Africa ($200 million).
Congressional Action. H.R. 3908 significantly increased DOD funding for
several additional requirements: petroleum cost growth ($1.556 billion), defense

health programs ($854 million), and DOD “quality of life” programs ($4 million). The
House bill fully supported DOD procurement of an aircraft for the Foreign Emergency
Support Team and East Timor peacekeeping costs but deleted funding for a U.N.
peacekeeping contribution in East Timor. The House had not yet received the
Mozambique request, so it took no action. Senate bills – S. 2521 and S. 2522 – also
added more funding for higher DOD oil costs and health programs but did not include
roughly $4 billion for defense “quality of life” activities as in the House. S. 2521
inserted a few new items, including those for Patriot missile enhancement ($125
million) and DOD humanitarian assistance in Mozambique and East Timor. During
floor debate, the Senate further added $220 million for Navy ship depot maintenance
and $5.7 million for testing by the Army of its Tactical High Energy Laser program.
S. 2522 approved $25 million of the $200 million requested for USAID emergency
relief to flood victims in Mozambique.
House-Senate conferees, meeting on H.R. 4425 agreed to roughly $4.5 billion
in other defense and foreign policy needs, including:
!$1.56 billion to address DOD’s growing fuel costs;
!$1.3 billion for military health care programs;
!$1.1 billion for unfunded personnel and readiness requirements;
!$40 million for development programs for Vieques, Puerto Rico;
!$125 million for Patriot missile reliability;
!$25 million for DOD peacekeeping costs in East Timor;
!$61.5 million for DOD humanitarian assistance in Mozambique and
East Timor; and
!$25 million of the $200 million southern Africa flood relief
Other Domestic Supplementals
The President also proposed about $530 million in supplemental spending for a
wide range of domestic activities. House and Senate bills supported many of these
recommendations and added several additional items reflecting congressional
priorities. H.R. 3908 provided $903 million for domestic programs, including $283
million for Drug Enforcement Agency domestic intelligence and investigation
requirements; Senate bills included $2.27 billion. A major Senate add-on provided
$800 million for the Coast Guard. Conferees approved $1.55 billion in domestic
supplemental, including $700 million for the Coast Guard and $181 million for the
DEA. (See Table 2 below for a complete list of all domestic programs affected.)
Pay Date Adjustments
Last year, during consideration of the Consolidated Appropriations Act,
FY2000, Congress modified the final salary payment date for military and Federal
civilian employees so that the costs would fall in FY2001 rather than FY2000. As
approved by conferees, H.R. 4425 repeals these provisions so that the payment will
occur in FY2000. H.R. 4425 further includes new sections that modify existing
payment dates of Social Security and Veterans benefits and claims. The net result of
these payment date modifications will increase FY2000 spending by $3.95 billion.
Senate opponents of these changes had threatened to delay passage of H.R. 4425

because conferees had included the pay date modifications. Reportedly, however,
they obtained Senate leadership agreement that when the Senate returns in July,
legislation to rescind these provisions will be considered.
Paying for the FY2000 Supplemental
A continuing controversy during the recent consideration of supplemental
appropriations is whether to cover the costs of the additional spending through offsets
or to declare the requirement as an “emergency,” a practice that has received
widespread criticism.12 The emergency designation allows Congress to approve the
supplemental funds without offsetting the amounts with rescissions in previously
enacted discretionary appropriations or finding cuts in mandatory spending programs.
But if Congress agrees with the President to define all or part of the supplemental as
an “emergency” and not offset the amounts, discretionary spending rises and the size
of the budget surplus for FY2000 declines. Between 1994 and 1997, Congress
usually enacted budget authority offsets for supplementals. Reversing that practice
during the past two years, Congress has mostly declared supplemental appropriations
as an emergency. Some lawmakers have strongly objected to this action, arguing that
fiscal discipline requires Congress to fully offset new spending so as not to reduce the
surplus, especially if it utilizes surpluses generated by Social Security. In January

2000, the Congressional Budget Office projected that there will be a $23 billion non-

Social Security surplus in FY2000.
The Administration designated nearly all – $4.8 billion – as emergency
requirements for FY2000, while proposing a limited number of offsets, rescissions,
transfers, and delays in funding obligations totaling $706 million that covered the
costs of non-emergency spending. The largest offset requested by the Administration
was $438 million of information technology funds provided for Y2K requirements
that are no longer needed by several federal agencies. Table 3, below, provides a
complete listing of offsets, rescissions, transfers, and delays in obligations.
Congressional Action. The House-passed bill, like the Administration, termed
nearly all of supplemental funding as an emergency. H.R. 3908 included $441 million
in rescissions and offsets. Also like the Administration, the House panel’s largest
rescission was the $235 million in un-needed Y2K funds. After reporting H.R. 3908
on March 9, the House Appropriations Committee encountered opposition among
some Members who wanted more – or all – of the new spending offset by cuts in
existing appropriations. House leaders delayed debate on H.R. 3908 until after the
House passed the FY2001 budget resolution. Representative Sanford proposed an
amendment during House floor debate that would have cut back significantly on the
size of the supplemental appropriation and removed emergency designations. The
Sanford amendment failed, however, on a 108-315 vote.

12 For a discussion of the debate over emergency supplemental appropriations for defense
programs since FY1993, see CRS General Distribution Memo, Emergency Appropriations
for the Department of Defense, by Stephen Daggett, August 18, 1998.

Senate bills designated $8.6 billion of the $9.3 billion recommended in
supplemental appropriations as emergencies. S. 2522 and S. 2536 further rescinded
$664 million, an amount that more than covered the $493 million of non-emergency
appropriations. In addition to the Y2K technology rescissions, S. 2536 proposed a
number of rescissions for various Department of Justice programs.
Conferees agreed to define all but $406 million of the $11.2 billion as emergency
appropriations. They further rescinded $423 million to cover non-emergency
spending, including $287 million, $35 million, and $11 million in prior-year
appropriations for the Defense Department, Military Construction, and the Coast
Guard, respectively. (See Table 3 for details.)

Table 2. Supplemental Appropriations, FY2000
($s in millions)
Request House Senate Enacted
Plan Colombia:
Dug interdiction & eradication (DOD)98.4185.8115.7a184.1
Drug interdiction (State Dept)52.059.462.0b59.4
Drug interdiction (Treasury Dept)
Drug interdiction (ONDCP)
Forward operating location for DOD drug ops 38.6116.5116.5a116.5
Drug eradication/law enforcement (State Dept)543.0600.5397.0b506.1
Drug eradication/law enforcement (DEA)
Economic aid (USAID)104.0269.5261.5b261.0
Human rights/governance (multiple agencies)45.098.5138.0b122.0
TOTAL, Plan Colombia955.01,418.51,167.91,319.1
Kosovo Peacekeeping & Balkans Aid:
DOD Peacekeeping Ops2,025.42,025.41,825.4a2,025.4
State Dept. Peacekeeping contributions91.
Balkan economic aid (incl USAID costs)217.0108.80.050.0
Balkan military aid33.933.90.00.0
US Embassy construction in the region239.0104.00.00.0
US diplomatic and exchanges in the region27.
TOTAL, Kosovo & Balkans2,633.92,272.11,825.42,075.4
HIPC Trust Fund*–
Other Defense & Foreign Policy:
State peacekeeping contribution-East Timor16.
DOD peacekeeping-East Timor25.025.025.0a25.0
Foreign Emerg. Support Team (counter terrorism)
DOD Working Capital Fund (petroleum $ growth)0.01,556.2964.3a1,556.2
Defense Health Programs (TRICARE contract costs)0.0854.5695.9a615.6
Defense Health Program (other)0.0750.00.0695.9
DOD “Quality of Life Programs”0.0231.00.027.0
DOD recruiting and retention0.0600.60.0357.3
DOD depot maintenance and repair0.01,205.6220.0a220.0
DOD priority support to deployed forces0.01,212.70.0503.9
Assistance to Vieques, Puerto Rico[40.0]40.040.0a40.0
DOD/Air Force F-15 aircraft0.
DOD/Army M1A2 tank upgrades0.0[125.0]0.0163.7
DOD biometrics technologies0.00.07.0a7.0
DOD Patriot missile enhancement program0.00.0125.0a125.0
DOD “Operation Walking Shield0.00.00.3a0.3
DOD military construction for Natl Missile Defense0.00.01.0a1.0
DOD Military Construction - Blount Is., Florida0.
DOD Tactical High Energy Laser program0.00.05.7a5.7
DOD Cavalese, Italy accident0.
DOD humanitarian aid-Mozambique & East Timor0.00.061.5a61.5
Mozambique/southern Africa flood relief200.0**25.0b25.0
TOTAL, Other Defense and Foreign Policy314.06,548.62,243.74,638.1

Request House Senate Enacted
Home Energy Assistance:
Low Income Home Energy Assistance (HHS)600.0600.0600.0c600.0
Business Loans Program (Small Bus Admin)*
Weatherization Asst Programs (DOE)(FY2001)*
TOTAL, Home Energy Assistance620.0619.0600.0600.0
Domestic Disaster Relief:
Hurricane-related relief:
USDA CCC-marketing loan forgiveness81.081.081.0c81.0
USDA Rental Asst Program13.613.613.6c13.6
USDA Rental Housing Insurance15.915.915.9c15.9
USDA Rural Utility Service0.01.01.0c0.0
Commerce Economic Development Asst32.925.88.3c55.8
NOAA fisheries50.119.410.0c30.7
NOAA-North Carolina research lab & other items0.00.05.5c0.0
HUD Housing Certificate Fund12.
HUD HOME Investment Partnership Fund0.036.025.0c36.0
DOD Corps of Engineers19.227.935.0c0.0
DOD facilities27.4115.9128.2a128.2
DOD Military Construction0.019.026.2a19.0
Fish & Wildlife Service5.05.08.5c0.0
US Geological Survey1.81.81.8c0.0
National Park Service4.04.05.3c0.0
Fed. Highway Admin.-Emergency Relief Program0.0600.00.00.0
Small Business Administration50.560.90.040.9
Subtotal, Hurricane-related relief313.41,027.2365.3421.1
Management of Land & Resources (Interior Dept)
Wildland Fire Management (Interior Dept)100.0100.0100.0c200.0
Wildland Fire Management (USDA)0.0150.01.6c150.0
USDA Forest Service0.00.07.6c2.0
USDA Federal Crop Insurance Corp. Fund13.013.013.0c0.0
USDA Single Family Housing0.
USDA Housing Repair0.
USDA Pierce disease control0.
USDA Rural Community -Water and Waste grants0.
USDA Rural Community Facilities grants0.
USDA Rural Community Advancement program0.00.0130.0c0.0
USDA Mutual and Self-Help Housing grants0.
USDA Rural Housing Assistance grants0.
USDA Farm Labor Program account0.
USDA CCC Citrus Canker Control0.
USDA CCC Crop Disease & Insect Asst0.00.058.0c0.0
USDA Livestock Assistance0.00.0450.0c0.0
USDA Livestock Price Reporting Program0.
Fisheries assistance0.
Cerro Grande Fire assistance - FEMA0.00.00.0500.0
Cerro Grande Fire assistance - USDA0.
Cerro Grande Fire assistance - DOE0.00.00.0138.0

Request House Senate Enacted
Cerro Grande Fire assistance - Interior Dept0.
DOD Corps of Engineers-flood control0.00.010.0c0.0
TOTAL, Domestic Disaster Relief426.41,428.31,152.71,467.5
Critical Infrastructure Protection Initiative
Natl Institute of Standards & Technology*
General Services Administration*
National Science Foundation*
Office of Personnel Management*
TOTAL, Critical Infrastructure Protection9.
Other Domestic Supplementals:
DEA domestic drug-related intelligence & invest.0.0282.511.2181.0
USDA Inspector General0.
USDA Farm Service Agency0.077.639.0c77.6
USDA CCC Conservation/Wetlands Reserve progs.
USDA Foreign Ag Service-international food aid0.
USDA Peanut Assistance0.00.07.0c7.0
USDA Dairy Market Loss Payments0.00.0443.0c0.0
USDA Milk Price Support extension0.00.0-14.0c0.0
Fire Departments Aid-FEMA & Forest Service0.0100.00.00.0
Interior-Office Surface Mining Reclamation/Enforce0.00.09.8c9.8
Interior-Bureau of Indian Affairs0.00.01.2c0.0
Interior-Fish & Wildlife Management0.00.06.5c0.0
Interior-Lewis & Clark project, S. Dakota0.
Interior-land acquisition in Maryland0.
DOD Corps of Engineers-Johnson Creek, Texas0.
DOD Corps of Engineers-Saxon Harbor, Wisconsin0.
DOD Corps of Engineers-General Investigations8.11.54.5c3.5
DOD support for 2002 Winter Olympics0.00.08.0a8.0
Fed Highway Admin support for Winter Olympics*
Gen. Services Admin-support for Winter Olympics*
NTSB-Egypt Air 990/Alaska Air 261 investigation25.124.724.7c19.7
Commerce- Asst to Vieques, Puerto Rico*40.0[40.0][40.0][40.0]
Civil Rights Commission*
Federal Maritime Commission*
DOE-Uranium Enrichment Decontamination Fund*
DOE Weapons Production Facilities*55.055.0221.0a96.5
DOE Safety Issues & Cyber-Security14.059.012.0a38.0
HHS Foster Care Independent Living*
HHS Food & Drug Admin-Los Angeles lab0.
HHS-Abstinence Education for Adolescents (FY01)*
HHS-Health Care Financing Administration0.00.015.0c0.0
HHS-Ricky Ray Hemophilia Relief Fund Act*100.0**0.00.0
HHS/CDC-International HIV/AIDS0.
HHS-Bioterrorism 0.0 0.0 0.0 31.2
HHS-Little Flower Children’s Services, N.Y.
Dept of Education-Higher Education0.

Request House Senate Enacted
HUD FHA General & Special Risk Program*
HUD Inspector General (delay until FY2001)*-6.0-6.020.0c0.0
HUD-Community Development Block Grants0.
Coast Guard operating expenses[18.0]37.0264.4a77.0
Coast Guard - C37A aircraft0.
Coast Guard improvements0.00.0542.9a578.0
Internal Revenue Service*
Javits-Wagner-O’Day Products (Blind & Disabled)*
NASA Human Space Flight*0.025.825.8c0.0
NASA Aeronautics and Technology0.
NASA Mission Support*[20.2]20.220.2c0.0
Capitol Police*0.01.914.6c0.0
Capitol Buildings and Grounds*0.011.313.6c13.6
National Garden-private donations*
Botanic Gardens*
Library Buildings*
Corporation for National & Community Services0.
DOL-Youth activities, Workforce Invest. Act*40.0**40.0c0.0
Social Sec Admin-repeal retirement earning test*35.0**50.0c35.0
DOT-Federal Aviation Administration*77.0**[77.0]c75.0
Pres Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets*1.4**1.4c0.0
Dept of Justice-Radiation Exposure Compensation*
Dept of Justice-FBI Natl Domestic Preparedness*
Dept of Justice-FBI S&E*
Dept. of Justice-U.S. Attorneys salaries0.
Dept. of Justice-Justice Assistance
Railroad Retirement Board*
Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund*0.00.0100.0c0.0
Appalachian Regional Commission0.00.011.0c0.0
Dept of Treasury-S&E, W. Va. firearms training fac.
Dept of Treasury-BATF, gun law enforcement0.00.093.8c0.0
Dept of Transportation-EPA telecomuting0.
Dept of Transportation-Highway Trust Fund0.
Secret Service-National Special Security events0.
Executive Office of the President-email restoration0.
State Department-Intl Commission0.
U.S. Commission on Religious Freedom0.
Libby, Montana-asbestos illness treatment0.00.011.5c11.5
District of Colombia Police0.
TOTAL, Other Domestic Supplementals531.4903.52,274.01,552.8
GRAND TOTAL – SUPPLEMENTALS5,699.713,190.09,264.711,652.9
* = Non-emergency appropriation.
** = Supplemental requested on March 27 after the House Appropriations Committee had reported H.R. 3708.a
Appropriated in S. 2521.b
Appropriated in S. 2522.c
Appropriated in S. 2536.

Table 3. Rescissions, Offsets, Deferrals, and Transfers
($s in millions)
Request House Senate Conf.
Commerce-Emerg Oil/Gas Guarantee Prog (offset)-
Commerce-Emerg Oil/Gas Guarantee Prog (offset)-42.8**0.00.0
USDA-Fund for Rural America (rescission)*0.0-
USDA-Future Ag & Food Systems (offset)*0.0-
DOE-Defense Environ. Restoration/Waste (resc)*-13.0-
Interior-Natl Park Service Construction (rescission)*-
DOE-US-Russia Plutonium Disposition (rescission)-40.0-
DOE-Strategic Petroleum account (rescission)*-
HUD-Housing Certificate Fund (rescission)*-128.00.0-128.0c0.0
HUD-IG (rescission)*0.00.0-20c0.0
Dept of Transport.-Info Technology systems (offset)-26.6-
Dept of Transportation-Maritime Admin (offset)-7.6**0.00.0
HHS-Public Health & Social Services Emergency Fd0.00.00.0-43.2
HHS-General Dept Management (FY01 rescission)*0.0-20.00.0-20.0
HHS-Y2K funds (offset)-163.8**-124.5c0.0
Information Technology, Y2K funds (offset)-235.0-235.0-235.0c0.0
Other agencies Y2K funds (offset)-12.7**-2.4c-26.6
Natl Institute of Standards & Tech (rescission)*0.00.0-4.5c0.0
Dept of Justice-General Admin. S&E (rescission)*0.00.0-2.0c0.0
Dept of Justice-US Parole Commission (rescission)*0.00.0-1.1c0.0
Dept of Justice-Legal Activities S&E (rescission)*0.00.0-2.0c0.0
Dept of Justice-Asset Forfeiture Fund (rescission)*0.00.0-13.5c0.0
Dept of Justice-FBI S&E (rescission)*0.00.0-15.0c0.0
Dept of Justice-Immig & Naturalization (rescission)*0.00.0-15.0c0.0
Dept of Justice-Justice Assistance (rescission)*0.00.0-0.5c0.0
Dept of Justice-State Criminal Alien Asst Program*0.00.0-82.4c0.0
Dept of Justice-State & Local Law Enforcement*0.00.0-7.9b0.0
Small Business Administration (rescission)*0.00.0-6.5c0.0
DOD prior year appropriations (rescission)*
DOD Military Construction FY1996 approps (resc.)*
Coast Guard prior year appropriations (rescission)*
Fed Drug Control Prog.-Forfeiture Fund (resc.)*0.00.0-3.3c0.0
TOTAL, Offsets, Rescissions, Delays, Transfers-706.5-440.6-663.6-422.8
* = Rescission or offset of non-emergency appropriations.
** = Requested on March 27 after the House Appropriations Committee had reported H.R. 3708.a
Appropriated in S. 2521.b
Appropriated in S. 2522.c
Appropriated in S. 2536.

Table 4. Supplemental Appropriations Summary: Emergency,
Non-Emergency, Rescission, and Offset Totals
Request House Senate Conf.
Appropriations – Non-Emergencies737.2251.0493.2406.7
Appropriations – Emergencies4,191.110,075.84,223.66,845.7
Appropriations – Contingent Emergencies771.42,824.24,592.24,387.3
Appropriations – Advance0.
Rescissions – Non-Emergencies(158.0)(13.0)(281.7)(383.2)
Rescissions – Emergencies(40.0)(40.0)0.0(26.6)
Rescissions – Advance Appropriations0.0(20.0)(20.0)(20.0)
Offsets – Non-Emergencies(500.9)(106.0)0.00.0
Offsets – Emergencies(7.6)(261.6)(361.9)0.0
TOTAL, New Budget Authority4,993.212,749.48,645.411,229.9
Note: Totals exclude amounts in title V of Division B of H.R. 4425. Title V repeals several provisions
enacted in 1999 that shifted the final FY2000 pay date for military and civilian employees so that the cost
would occur in FY2001. Title V further adds two new provisions concerning the payment dates of Social
Security and Veterans benefits The net effect of these actions is the addition of $3.946 billion in new budget
authority in FY2000 that is not reflected in the totals in this or other tables included in this report.